The original name of the breed was American Sebright but when the bird was accepted by the American Poultry Association, the name was changed to Wyandotte. The Hamburg chicken is a small breed—cocks tend to weigh only 5 lbs and hens about 4 lbs with slender legs and a neat rose comb. One can well imagine the pride of each exhibitor, their Hamburg roosters stately in bearing, with beautifully arched sickle feathers, leaden blue legs, large white earlobes, and bright red rose shaped combs. The breed was first called the Hamburg chicken in the early 1840s, and some writers document the fact that the best birds came from Holland and from Hamburg. But all the varieties are not recognized by the American Poultry Association. Races of Domestic Poultry. This variety is another rarity and is in need of more breeders. History has it that the first chicken show was a contest to settle the dispute of whose rooster was most magnificent. White. - Carol Ekarius It is known that in the U.S. that the Black Hamburg was crossed with Black Minorcas in order to improve body shape, increase size, and add new blood to the gene pool. The chicks feather up fast and mature quickly. All have reddish bay eyes. Hamburg Chicken Colors Photo: Paphos Chicken Farm Hamburgs come in a ton of very cool color varieties including Black, White, Silver Spangled, Gold Spangled, Citron Spangled, Blue, Blue Spangled, Gold Penciled, Citron Penciled and Silver Penciled. $24.95. Usually, they are about the size and quality of the average Silver Spangled Hamburg. Chickens Waterfowl Turkeys Supplies WE ARE AMERICA’S INDUSTRY-LEADING HATCHERY, OFFERING MORE THAN 160 BREEDS OF POULTRY INCLUDING: CHICKENS, DUCKS, GEESE, TURKEYS, GUINEAS, AND GAME BIRDS. Hamburgs arrived in America prior to 1856 and were much desired for egg production. Hamburgs are flyers and can be difficult to keep confined. From an early period after their arrival in America until about 1880, Hamburgs were decidedly popular with all classes of poultry keepers. This color pattern is one of the most striking and attractive of all colors and patterns of chickens. The emergence of the Wyandotte breed can be credited to four people: Fred Houdlette, John Ray, L. Whittaker and H.M. Doubleday. They were also so much more attractive in body shape and color than the early Leghorns that people who valued them for their beauty were willing to overlook their faults. White. On the authority of "John Oldbird", the arrival of Hamburgs in America was nearly contemporary with that of the Polish and Black Spanish (about 1825), possibly a little earlier. There is a moderate break at the junction of the tail and back with the well-spread, moderately long tail held at an angle of 35-40 degrees. This is a docile breed of chicken that is ideal for anyone looking for a pet, brooder, or show chicken. Hamburg Bantams For Sale. We offer the Silver Pencil Cochin Bantam, one of several different varieties of Cochin Bantams. They were one of the first improved egg breeds to be used in America and there are reports of Hamburgs laying 200 to 250 eggs per year. In this variety, the ground color is white and each feather ends with a teardrop-shaped black spangle. This obscure history is complicated further because there are theories that the different varieties originated in different countries as well. By 1890 it had practically ceased to be used by utility poultry keepers and had lost a lot of it's following among fanciers. The Silver Spangled Hamburg has been by far the most popular variety of the breed in America. Not only are they a beautiful breed to show, they're prolific layers of smallish white eggs, and they fare very well in cold weather. Hamburgs (figs. 29 and 30) are in the front ranks of egg producers and are in general appearance much like Leghorns. Interestingly, Aldrovandi then places the breed as having a Turkish origin. Golden Penciled Hamburg Chicken Breed breeding flock belonging to Cackle Hatchery. They are characterized by fairly long bodies with moderate width and depth. Shape and color requirements are the same as for large fowl. The female of this variety is barred all over, except in the hackle, which is pure white; the male is mostly white with very little barring visible, except on the flank area. Standard Weights: Cock; 5 lbs; Hen: 4 lbs; Cockerel: 4 lbs; Pullet: 3 ½ lbs. We are currently looking for high resolution pictures of any of the breeds. Silver Penciled. Pullets begin to lay at about 4-5 months of age. The Hamburg parades for the world ten different plumages: Silver-Spangled, Golden-Spangled, Golden-Penciled, Silver-Penciled, White, Black and Citron Spangled. Brown, Edward. Copyright 2019 The Heritage Poultry ConservancyP.O. Frizzle – Frizzle is recognized as a trait in any recognized breed/variety and is not listed separate. ... Hamburg: Silver Penciled: RCCL: Bantam: Hamburg: Silver Spangled: RCCL: Bantam: Hamburg: White: RCCL: Large Fowl: Hamburg: Black: Continental: The Hamburg goes by many other names such as the Yorkshire Pheasant. This is another variety that was most likely developed and perfected in England. The Rhode Island Red chicken is the official State Bird of Rhode Island – a well-deserved honor that no other chicken breed can claim. With the name Hamburg often given to the Polish breeds, birds that did not have a crest were often called Pheasant Fowls, Pheasants, and Golden and Silver Pheasants. In England, they were called Creels, Chittiprats, and Chitterpats (meaning diminutive hen) and Bolton Grays (for the silver variety) and Bolton Bays (for the golden variety). The Dutch developed what is now known as the Silver Penciled and the Golden Penciled Hamburgs. Flighty, roosts in trees, winter hardy, good at avoiding predators. Many people thought that the yellow beak and legs of the White Leghorn made for a more striking bird while the white beak and slate legs of the White Hamburg were not as attractive. Golden Penciled. Black. The Silver Spangled is probably the most popular colour. Sometime prior to 1785 Penciled Hamburgs made their way to England. Box 164870 • Little Rock, Arkansas 72216501(C)(3) NONPROFIT. The breed does not bear confinement too well. Well, we do know that centuries prior to that “show and crow” dazzling Hamburg chickens were found in Holland where the Dutch people are credited with breeding the finely marked Penciled variety of the breed. It is also thought that perhaps the Black Hamburg was created by crossing with the Spanish. Blue Hamburgs are not recognized by the APA, though they are sold by several hatcheries in North America. This pattern is exactly the same as the Silver Penciled, only the ground color is bay rather than white. Hamburg chickens were to be found in Holland by the fourteenth century, but it is unclear when they first arrived. Click on your hatchery or breeder of interest to learn more about the color varieties they offer. Silver Spangled. Silver Penciled: Standard silver penciled plumage. Egg Shell Color: White. The eggshells are white and the skin is also white with white ear lobes and a somewhat large and pronounced rose comb. Our Silver Spangled Hamburgs are a combination of beauty and utility. All six Standard varieties of Hamburg chickens were recognized by the American Poultry Association in 1874: Silver Penciled, Golden Penciled, Silver Spangled, Golden Spangled, Black, and White. Hamburgs are active, graceful and flighty semi-wild birds. Cocks weigh 2–2.5 kg and hens about 1.6–1.8 kg, with slender legs and a neat rose comb. There are six varieties of Hamburgs: The Golden-spangled, Silver-spangled, Golden-penciled, Silver-penciled, Black, and White. It was not until after 1850 that the varieties were well established and the modern nomenclature came into general use. The bantam version was most likely first developed in England and they are recognized in the same varieties as the Large Fowl being Silver Spangled, Golden Spangled, Silver Penciled, Golden Penciled, Black, and White. Their feathers are silvery white, each with a black spangle on the end, giving them a fun, polka-dotted appearance. As they are fairly small birds they are not generally used for meat. Roo… Liss: Nimrod Book Services, 1985. In general, the Hamburg is a small, fine-boned egg-type breed. Still, other names were Moonies, Chittiprats, Creoles (or Creels), and 'Dutch Everyday Layers'. There is, however, no reason to doubt that both were in America by 1825, or soon thereafter. Hamburg chickens are quite prolific egg layers. The spangle should be proportionate to the size of the feather, in other words, a larger feather, i.e. But there is very little evidence to otherwise support this theory. Golden Spangled. As a rule, early Hamburgs were small, rather delicate, and laid small eggs, but they were so generally remarkable for persistent laying and efficiency that their faults were excused. Hamburg chickens were to be found in Holland by the fourteenth century, but it is unclear when they first arrived. All varieties have slate or black shanks, feet, and toes, with the bottoms of the feet being white. This teeny breed comes as a fun-size Bantamas well, even though the Hamburg is already a very small breed. Recognized Color Varieties: Barred, White, Buff, Silver Penciled, Partridge, Columbian, Blue; Bantam Varieties: Barred, Black, Blue, Buff, Columbian, Partridge, White, Silver Penciled, Black; Rhode Island Red. Silver Spangled Hamburg Chicken The main reason people love this bird, however, is the fact that it looks graceful, stylish and stunning when it walks about. The Hamburg (continental class) is generally a non-sitting chicken that was originally bred for enhanced egg production. This was conducted in a pub in England, about 1800, the bartender acting as judge, a copper pot as prize, and the roosters competing are said to have been Hamburgs. Please mail your original copies with our email form It is no surprise that the Hamburg is credited as being the grandfather of the poultry show. Black: Standard black plumage. Recognized Color Varieties. This variety is so rare in this country that it is all but impossible to find good individuals. Historical lack of interest in it can be explained by its lack of quality as a show bird when compared with White Leghorns. Guide to Poultry Breeds This variety is rarely seen and is in serious need of more breeders. At that period and occasionally much later, the Laced and Spangled Polish were called Hamburgs, and Crested Hamburgs; so we cannot always determine whether the reference to Hamburg chickens is a reference to the modern Hamburg or modern Polish. They are consistent layers, have a bright cheerfulness when foraging, and love a free range setting. The nature of the breed is one of great activity and alertness. The Silver Penciled Wyandotte also originated in the east and west parts of the U.S. and are a result of crossing a Partridge Wyandotte with the Dark Brahma. The Dutch developed what is now known as the Silver Penciled and the Golden Penciled Hamburgs. No doubt the English greatly improved and perfected the breed and though there are several theories of an English origin none of them have sufficient evidence to support such a theory, at least with the Golden and Silver Penciled varieties. Hamburg Appearance. This variety doesn't quite have the striking color contrast of the Silver Spangled, which has been a limiting factor of the popularity of the Golden Spangled variety. Varieties: Golden Spangled. Silver Spangled Hamburgs are small, active, and beautiful. Hamburg chicks vary in appearance depending on their variety—but all are adorable! Golden Spangled: Standard golden spangled plumage. The Hamburg is a … He also wrote that then, and from ancient times, birds of Hamburg and Polish types were collected in Holland, Belgium, Germany, and Russia for shipment to England; and that frequently four or five coops containing 25 birds each arrived together and were all sold in a single morning. Today they are found in at least ten colours, six of which are recognised by the APA: Silver Penciled, Golden Penciled, Silver Spangled, Golden Spangled, Black, and White. The Golden Penciled and Silver Penciled varieties of the breed were developed by the Dutch. The American Poultry Association (APA) recognizes six varieties of Hamburgs, they include the Black, Golden Penciled, Golden Spangled, Silver Penciled, Silver Spangled, and White. The spangled variety was evolved in England and admitted into the American Standard of Perfection in 1874. Due to Covid-19 restrictions, please confirm events are happening with organizers before attending. The Hamburg is a small, elegant breed, very … Bantam Hamburgs not only come in this beautiful Silver Spangled variety that I raise; but are also recognized in Golden Spangled, Gold Penciled, Silver Penciled, Black, and White. The use of the term "penciled" to describe the markings in these two varieties of Hamburg is a misleading relic from the days before the technical use of such terms was fixed. It can also be among the most difficult to breed to perfection. When given free range, Hamburg chickens are active, small consumers of grain, great foragers, and even a bit noisy. Shape and color requirements are the same as for large fowl. Ring size is 16 mm for cocks and 15 mm for hens. There are six varieties of this breed that are all recognized by the American Poultry Association in 1874 – the Silver Penciled, Golden Penciled, Black, White, Silver Spangled, and the Golden Spangled. Silver Penciled Hamburg hen and rooster. Oh yes, they come in a plethora of colors to choose from: silver-spangled, golden penciled, silver penciled, golden spangled, and occasionally black and white. PLUS A FULL LINE OF FEED, SUPPLIES, GIFTS AND DECOR. Non-Standard Large Fowl. they cannot advance to compete for higher Breed or Class honors. These small-size chickens, with light, sweeping, graceful outlines are elegant and beautiful. Ultimately, the only clear evidence of its origin lies in the fact that we call it Hamburg. Like most foragers that survive, Hamburgs develop a keen awareness of their environment. The tail of the male is solid black with the sickles being laced with silver. In a sense that is correct but, the English breeders can only be credited, with total certainty, with improving and refining the stock that was imported from Continental Europe. Sometime prior to 1785 Penciled Hamburgs made their way to England. The breed’s true gift is not in number of eggs per year, but in continued laying of a large number of eggs over several years. The bird comes in more than ten different varieties, including: Silver Spangled, Golden Spangled, Golden Penciled, Citrone Penciled, Silver Penciled, White, Black, and more recently-Citron Spangled in bantam form. The relative attractiveness of silver and golden is revered, as compared with the spangled varieties, primarily because the contrast in bay and black shows much better in barring than in spangling, but also because the Golden Penciled male was thought of as a much more showy bird than the Silver Penciled male. The English enjoyed the breed and created the Black, the Silver Spangled, the Golden Spangled, and the White varieties. The preference for it may have been at first because of its color, which after spangling was eliminated from the Polish was not found in any other breed. Through this port, both Hamburgs and Polish were shipped to London for a century or two before 1850. Burgettstown, PA: American Poultry Association, 2010. Dayton: Reliable Poultry Journal, 1924. Both the APA and American Bantam Association (ABA) recognize bantam Hamburgs (rose comb clean legged class). Varieties: Silver Spangled, Golden Spangled, Golden Penciled, Silver Penciled, Black, & White The beauty of the pattern is not as greatly appreciated except on close inspection. Varieties: Golden Spangled, Silver Spangled, Golden Penciled, Silver Penciled, Black, & White Black beak and black shanks. Characteristics. 2011 ed. Unfortunately, there is no definitive evidence in any case to 100% support exactly where the Hamburg breed originated. Prior to this time it was known by many different names, including: Pheasant fowl, Pheasants, Yorkshire Pheasant, Silver Pheasant-fowl of Yorkshire. The Hamburg has also good foraging abilities and comes in multiple color-varieties that include; black, blue, silver-penciled, golden-penciled, with silver-spangled and gold-spangled as the most common two color-varieties. However, in later years at least a part of the greater popularity of this variety was due to the fact that it was bred to a higher level of perfection in terms of size, body shape, and color when compared to the other Hamburg varieties. They were documented to have been there by the fourteenth century where the Dutch then developed them into the breed known as the Hamburg. Males weigh 5 lbs and females weigh 4 lbs. But the Hamburg was not without its faults. This variety as well as the Golden Penciled is in need of more supporters to both increase numbers and improve quality. Bantam Standard for the Breeder, Exhibitor, and Judge. In the video slideshow, you can see Silver-Spangled, Golden-Penciled, and Black Hamburg chicks, respectively. Characteristics: It is not very clear when Hamburg chickens first arrived in Holland. It is generally believed that this variety was evolved and perfected in England. The back is flat and slightly slopes from front to back. This variety is rarely seen and when they are seen the quality is generally lacking. There are several accounts of English breeders purchasing and breeding birds called Hamburgs that came directly from the Netherlands. Due to Covid-19 restrictions, please confirm events are happening with organizers before attending. Yellow = Golden Penciled Hamburgs and Silver Penciled Hamburgs for sale *Some hatcheries and breeders selling “Blue” chickens will actually give you a mix of Blue, Black and Splash chicks. Hamburg hens were known to prefer nesting in hedgerows and had the habit of roosting very high in trees. The bartender acted as the judge, and the price is a pot of copper. To this day there are not a huge number of Hamburgs, especially of good quality, and they are typically only seen at the larger exhibitions. Non-Standard Bantams. It is a finely built, small, active bird, lays a white egg, and is a non-setter. Other names given to the particolored Hamburgs were Bolton Gray and Bolton Bay. As a result of this, more attention has been given to the breeding and showing of Golden Penciled Hamburg and not the Silver Penciled variety. Black. However, there is some compelling evidence to suggest that the Silver Spangled, Golden Spangled, and Black varieties were developed, at least in part, in England. Harrison Weir stated that in the 1850's he had bought Hamburgs and Polish in the London markets, which had just arrived in the country. Breed Traits. Golden Penciled. In the Golden Spangled male, the hackle and saddle feathers have a black stripe rather than a spangle. Which are Black, Golden Penciled, Golden Spangled, Silver Penciled, Silver Spangled and White. It is essentially the golden counterpart of Silver Spangled variety, although there are significant differences between the Silver Spangled and Golden Spangled Hamburgs. Yet, there is another older theory that the Silver Spangled Hamburg came from Italy as evidenced in Aldrovandi's work of poultry published in 1599. The bantam version was most likely first developed in England and they are recognized in the same varieties as the Large Fowl being Silver Spangled, Golden Spangled, Silver Penciled, Golden Penciled, Black, and White. Silver Spangled. 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