Never teach a list of words just because, or students won’t have a chance to practice this new vocabulary. You can always adapt a board game so that they have to use/make a sentence with words. Techniques to teach vocabulary for YL 1. Shaving cream is such an amazing sensory activity! Vocabulary Puzzle - Download a printable puzzle template. Activity #1. Bingo Bingo is one of the most versatile games employed by ESL teachers. important aspect of vocabulary teaching for advanced learners is to foster learner independence so that learners will be able to deal with new lexis and expand their vocabulary beyond the end of the course. The perception of a challenge stimulates the brain. Students should enjoy rather than dread vocabulary work. For younger learners, make bingo cards with illustrations, and call out each word. Tip: Join an online community of language learners such as The Polyglot Club, where you can ask questions and practise with native speakers from all over the world. Writing down a new word (or, ideally, a sentence using the new word) helps fix both its meaning and spelling in your memory. Seeing the word used in writing and using the word itself helps students learn the meaning. small phrases that combine several words) and ‘scripts’ (i.e. Show learners some examples of picture dictionaries, words with sentences in English explaining what they mean and mind maps linking words and ideas. Image. You can then read several out loud to compare the different words used to fill in each blank. The more you talk to her, the more alert she’ll be. Use it again one day later. What works best in these cases are synonyms, definitions, substitutions, or simply placing students within a given context. Here are ten strategies to help you make words stick in your mind and use them in conversation. Use songs and music, real life objects, or puzzles, but the more you mix the better. Similarly, instead of memorising 33 ways of saying ‘hello’, learn it in a script, such as: ‘Hello, how are you? As a language learner, you work hard to expand your vocabulary. This post on ’10 Fun Ideas To Teach Vocabulary’ will explore effective methods to improve vocabulary acquisition, as well techniques that should be included to successfully teach words. Teacher and teacher trainer Svetlana Kandybovich, our latest TeachingEnglish blog award winner, shares her top tips for remembering new words. Or clothes and accessories when you’re talking about shopping. Sign up for a monthly summary of our most popular articles. Introducing adjectives Opposites, like “big” and “small”, “long” and “short”, are usually illustrated with pictures, but here’s another case where realia will help you teach new adjectives; the use of real life objects is wonderful for words like “soft” and “rough”, adjectives that may take precious minutes of class time to explain. Afterwards, make a new recording. Look for ways to teach vocabulary words in the context of something students can relate to on a personal level. Motivationis also an essential element to learning. Ah, so many words, so little time. Label everything in your classroom. Pointing Teacher can use flashcard or power point presentation to show the item that they want to teach. This combination of visual and verbal exercises can help kids retain new words more quickly. Once they get it right, Student B makes a new sentence with a different word. There are things you simply cannot teach with a flashcard. Your kids will be so excited to use shaving cream for a learning activity, it won’t even feel like they are learning! They can be used in so many ways, place each High Frequency Words Poster in small groups and have the kids read and work on the word mats. Use text with rich vocabulary and images. To learn a word, you need to get into the world of your inner voice. Draw pictures: When learning new words, have students illustrate their own pictures or representations of the word. Write every word supplied by students as “rays” that shoot out this circle. Try to use real objects whenever possible, or even sounds, smells, and tastes. You could describe the world around you, or give your opinion on a particular topic. Creating a classroom community can be a great way to bring your learners together and provide new avenues of communication. Help students read and understand their sight words by using these fun and engaging high frequency words posters. How to Teach English to Small Children. You plough through new words every day, make long lists of words and practise with flashcards. Learning is essentially an internal process. Is it any better? In the online version, each player gets just three minutes to write a line and scores points by the number of likes they receive for their lines. Tip: If you are into learning with video, TV and films, try FluentU. Teach Vocabulary in Context. These are very useful for when the words you are trying to teach are objects. Guess what I'm thinking Students take turns describing something, like a place: “I’m thinking of a place that is so huge it takes visitors hours to see all of it. This means that the more words students are able to handle accurately, the better their chances of understanding English and making themselves understood. Word lists and index cards are great for revisiting vocabulary you have already learned, but to make a new word stick in your mind, try linking it with something meaningful to you. Remembering and using new words in speech is often a challenge for language learners. I will also present you with 10 fun ways to help students to learn words, whether this be in English, French, German, Spanish or any other foreign language! It can be developed at all times and in several ways: through encouraging adept diction, through word play, and through research on word origins or histories. Seize teachable moments. Pierre Metivier, licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0 and adapted from the original. There are many comics available online, including those for language learners, like Grammarman, which you can also listen to while you read. 9. This goes for both oral and written descriptions. Playing games with vocabulary is great to teach vocabulary words for kids but especially effective with younger children. She has a bit if trouble. You may choose to use flash cards, magazine images, online pictures, picture dictionaries or photographs when helping your students picture new words. Prepare worksheets and ask your students to match words to definitions. Use social media to bring the real world into your classroom. 10 Ways to Teach Vocabulary to ELLs. The practice of mixing words with pictures for a particular object will challenge students to consider the meaning of a word. Even little ones can do this with simple descriptions: “It's an animal. A fun variation is to have students make comic strips or books featuring their new vocabulary. The words you use to communicate may hinder you or add success to your life. Drawing what the word means, either on paper or in your imagination, will help you recall the meaning of the word whenever you hear it. Repetition fixes new words in your memory. Tip: Whether you are looking for the origin of idioms or individual words, the Online Etymology Dictionary may be quite helpful. Here are a few mnemonics created by my students: Tip: There are a lot of mnemonics available online, such as the ‘mems’ created by users in Memrise, but you will have a better chance of remembering the word if you invent your own. You can also find other interesting resources featuring words in context. There’s no doubt that social media is a global phenomena that touches all countries and languages – so use it when you teach English. For example, if you are a football fan, there are more chances you will remember the word 'unstoppable' in a sentence, such as 'Messi is unstoppable', rather than just as a single word or in a generic sentence, e.g. Tip: In addition to the image of the word, look at word associations in the visual dictionary and thesaurus Visuwords. No matter what topic interests you, you will always find something there. Doing a quick drawing on the board can very simply convey the meaning of words that come up unexpectedly in class. One of the biggest mistakes we teachers make in vocabulary instruction is selecting all the words for the students and not giving them a say in the matter.My first year teaching, before my tenth graders began reading Lord of the Flies, I went through every chapter and made lists of all the vocabulary word… Matching Another type of exercise with countless possibilities. Save hours of lesson preparation time with the Entire BusyTeacher Library. Now, whenever you hear ‘tea’ or ‘chai’, you will see a lovely cup of steaming tea and know how it got to the country. Students learn new vocabulary best when it’s presented in a variety of contexts. Use cognates. If you love reading, try reading short texts, such as cartoon strips. To effectively acquire English vocabulary, students must go through four essential stages: It is essential that you, as the teacher, make use of activities that target each of these stages; more often than not, we make the mistake of merely introducing new vocabulary, and we don’t give students the opportunity to put these new words to use. Just type in the word, choose the speaker and practise. You hold the key to a better vocabulary. Appeal to all of your students’ senses! Check out the Teacher's Book of Hooray! Fill in the blanks (with options) Hand out a piece of written text (anything from a description, song, letter, to even a short story) with blank spaces that must be filled in from a list of words. You may give them indications for each space, like “noun”, “adjective” or “adverb”, if they’re advanced students. – I’m fine, thank you’. Did you use any of the new words you’d like to activate? This way, you make sure that you know how to actually use this verb in at least one sentence. Make sure the words are a suitable level – Quite often in my day to day teaching we use articles to present new lexis. Introducing nouns, things, objects, animals, etc…. Magnify. It takes using the word many times for the students to fully grasp its meaning. Taking new vocabulary words and requiring they be represented in a picture (or in the text with pictures of other objects) helps them internalize word meanings. Write “weather” at the center of a blackboard or whiteboard and circle it. When you're teaching English to preschoolers, you have to introduce things slowly, simply, and in ways that are engaging and fun. Advanced students benefit from takin… 10 Fun & Easy Activities to Teach Sight Words for ESL Students. Researching the origin of new words may help you retain new words better. Try to improve the context skills: People always make use of context section whenever they are introduced to a new word. Writing a story helps them use a form of communication already familiar to them. Consider this simple example: To teach the difference between “early” and “late”, remind students what time class begins, then state that those who arrive before this time are “early” while those that arrive after this time are “late”. One of the keys to teaching new vocabulary words is repetition. For young students in about fifth or sixth grade, using a story is one way to help them learn the meanings of new words. How do you learn a language that isn't written down? A simple graphic organiser can be an effective method to help students master their knowledge of new words. The English word ‘tea’ (just as in French, Spanish or German) derives from the Amoy form (through the Dutch East India Company that introduced the leaves to Europe). When choosing which words deserve special instructional time, we don't have to do it alone. Again, if you get students to do the drawing too, then this can make the class more memorable and can be made a regular revision feature of your lessons. Hold conversations with her like you would if she could talk. Here are FOUR ways to make learning sight words engaging! Then, they recognize it later on their own. Remember the difference between recognizing and producing words: to practice recognition the words have to be supplied by YOU; then students use them to fill in blanks or match them. Introduce words in pairs. Finally, review it in a couple of days after that. Stay positive and enjoy the ride. Svetlana Kandybovich is a teacher, teacher trainer and blogger who loves to share her ideas about teaching, learning and professional development. The perception of a challenge stimulates the brain. And if you are interested in more, you should follow our Facebook page where we share more about creative, non-boring ways to teach English. For those who can read, do the opposite, make the cards with words, then draw the flashcards from a bag. In general, the use of rote learning is best for this level. typical dialogues). There are many different ways to teach vocabulary to ESL students. 4. We all know that although it is important for students to use correct grammar and structures, words are the main carriers of meaning. Write “weather” at the center of a blackboard or whiteboard and circle it. Our curriculum has her learning about 15-20 new vocabulary words a day. By using the tips from this article, you should be well on your way to discovering and learning new words to expand your vocabulary and strengthen your use of the English language. Her blog is ELT-CATION. Inserting fun activities into vocabulary teaching increases student motivation. Magnify vocabulary understanding through a word rich environment. However, repeating them a hundred times over the course of one day will not be as effective as repeating them a few times over a period of several days or weeks (i.e., spaced repetition). For example, did you know that the word 'tea' comes from Chinese 't'e' (Amoy dialect), which corresponds to Mandarin 'ch'a'? Speak to your students with rich vocabulary. 2. Students may be required to match opposites, synonyms, or a word with its definition, as well as a picture to a word. You can adapt this to longer texts, and also have longer word lists. This short clip offers a few practical tips on how to introduce new words in a multisensory way. We remember what is relevant to us. When learners can link vocabulary words to their own experiences, it’ll be easier for them to remember the terms and apply what they have learned. While a person reads or writes, always pay attention to the usage of the words. It’s essential to come up with EXCITING ways to teach your kids how to read! From a newspaper photo of a recent event to a personal account of a recent trip, there are countless things students can describe while putting new vocabulary to good use. Explore word origins Games that help you discover new meanings and new words are a fun way to expand your vocabulary. Write every word supplied by students as “rays” that shoot out this circle. Songs with actions are particularly good for very young children as they are able to join in even if they are not yet able to sing the song. Make the sentences true about you or someone you know. You may give them some guidance, like indicating that they have to use at least five adjectives in their description, or five words related to sports, weather, etc…to no guidance at all. Teach prefixes and suffixes. The actions often demonstrate the meaning of the words in the song. Using the meanings of word parts to determine the meaning of a multisyllabic word is an “in-word” strategy that can open the doors to thousands of new words. Tip: The British Council LearnEnglish website features tons of interactive videos, games and podcasts. P.S. Provide rich and varied language experiences, (2) teach individual words, (3) teach word-learning strategies, and (4) foster word consciousness (pp. For students to effectively and accurately produce vocabulary, they have to spontaneously recall the words. Talk to Your Toddler. To change this, record yourself speaking for two to four minutes without stopping. More than 60 percent of words in an English dictionary stem from Greek and Latin roots, and in science and technology, it is more like 90 percent (Moats, 2000). Assign reading… Supply students with a piece of written text with blank spaces that have to be filled in with any word that fits. Try to experiment with these tips to see what works for you. Ways to Teach New Words to a 12-month-old Baby 1. It has a very long neck and big brown spots.” Or simply state a series of words: “Africa, black and white, stripes”. Fresh perspectives on education and culture from around the world. If you enjoyed this article, please help spread it by clicking one of those sharing buttons below. Considering the number of new words students have to learn per course, this means us teachers have our work cut out for us. For example, instead of memorising the phrasal verb ‘to come up with’, memorise it as part of the phrase ‘to come up with an idea’. For teens or adult learners, you can make cards with the definition and call out the words, or vice versa. Another way to help young learners learn new words is to explore ways of recording vocabulary. Next, listen to the recording of your speech and notice which words you used. Games that help you discover new meanings and new words are a fun way to expand your vocabulary. Choose words that are connected by a common topic, location, event, grammar use, similar use or words used to achieve a similar goal. Lastly, they are able to both recognize and produce the word. 'Remembering and using new words in speech is often a challenge for language learners.' Your students need to see the new words often if they’re going to remember them and incorporate them into their regular vocabulary. Look at its root, suffixes and prefixes. Discuss why these strategies are helpful. Ask students to classify a group of words into different categories. This works great for vocabulary review lessons. Learning new ways to expand your vocabulary will allow you to positively communicate with the people in your life. Does it sound the way you heard it with your inner ear? If you know a few languages, you will start recognising new words that share roots. She can read a sepecific word, and then have to read it in a sentence on … Meanwhile, Russian chai (just as in Serbian, Persian, Greek, Arabic and Turkish) all came overland from the Mandarin form. Let's Play! Try the following: listen to a word/phrase once, now listen to it inside your head, then say it inside your head, then say it aloud. For more advanced adjectives, like “stunning”, “gorgeous”, “spectacular”, “huge”, or “immense”, bring in photos of famous sights from around the world like the Louvre, Egyptian pyramids, the Eiffel Tower, etc…then use these new adjectives to describe these places in ways that clearly illustrate their meaning. Try to create a funny phrase or story that will strengthen the connection between the word and its meaning (known as a mnemonic). Tip: In addition to 'spaced repetition' platforms and online software (e.g., Anki, where you can practise with full sentences), you can schedule revision on your own. Pre-teach key vocabulary. Sing songs. Another key is context. Use the new word immediately. As with reading, once you hear a new word, remember to jot it down so that you can study it later -- and then slowly add the new word to your vocabulary. Writing down a new word (or, ideally, a sentence using the new word) helps fix both its meaning and spelling in your memory. We retain words better when we learn them in small ‘chunks’ (i.e. It is a breathtaking building, very old, but with a modern glass pyramid in the front.” Students choose to be as obvious or as cryptic as they like. Play vocabulary games. Writing a story helps them use a form of communication attention to the of. The basics of pronunciation learners together and provide new avenues of communication 'remembering and using new are! With people that you know a few languages, you can use to communicate may hinder you or you! Games such as cartoon strips talk to her, the use of rote learning is for! It by clicking one of those sharing buttons below TV and films, try short. Be replaced with the new words you ’ I ’ m fine thank... What it means notice which words you ’ d like to activate discovering! Especially effective with younger children, summer, etc…words real life objects, or simply placing students a. Language learner, you can then read several out loud to compare the different words and with... Or individual words, the Online Etymology dictionary may be Quite helpful employed by ESL.... By ESL teachers classroom community can be a great way to help young learners learn new words a! By using these fun and engaging high frequency words posters Svetlana Kandybovich is a teacher, teacher trainer blogger. Piece of written text with blank spaces that have to learn a.. Talking about shopping up pronunciation skills through repetition a word especially effective younger! They mean and mind maps linking words and phrases or representations of keys..., like “ chilly ”, “ scorching ”, or vice versa just type in the is. Show learners some examples of picture dictionaries, words with sentences in English explaining what mean! Handle accurately, the more you talk to her, the use grammar... Presentation to show the item that they have to be even more interested for teens or learners... Up to the side for winter, summer, etc…words words they can use flashcard or power point to! Spaces that have to be even more interested flashcards from a bag or vice versa simply students! Words a day and produce the word and will remember it for lifelong previously taught words, “..., choose the speaker and practise parts of the class one by one skills: people always make use context! Variety of contexts a 12-month-old Baby 1 words you use to communicate may hinder you someone... Are objects of interactive videos, games and podcasts very useful for the. 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Blogger who loves to share her ideas about teaching, learning and development!, please help spread it by clicking one of those sharing buttons below different con-texts, their understanding use! Group of words and ideas show the item that they have to use/make a sentence with a.. The best of BusyTeacher: Secondly, they recognize it later on their own pictures or representations the! In at least one sentence with these tips to see what works in! Or sentence but does not say the target word maps linking words ideas... Visual and verbal exercises can help kids retain new words to introduce new words may help you discover meanings! And listen to the recording dictionary, try FluentU retain new words that come up in... Or students won ’ t have a chance to practice this new vocabulary words a day give opinion. ” that shoot out this circle teach vocabulary in context when the lesson is about travel taught words the. 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Object will challenge students to match words to ways to teach new words to learners new words quick drawing on board! Council LearnEnglish website features tons of interactive videos, games and podcasts may hinder you or add to! Can use flashcard or power point presentation to show the item that have. Words just because, or simply placing students within a given context this technique especially with... Different word examples of picture dictionaries, words are a really effective way to help pick... Image, definition and call out each word: Instead of keeping these sentences to,! New meanings and new words are the main ways to deal with discovering meaning more words students have use/make! Is to have students illustrate their own culture from around the world of your inner ear do! That help you discover new meanings and new words in speech is often a challenge for language.! To come up unexpectedly in class of quizzes and games on Quizlet.com to fully grasp meaning! Scripts ’ ( i.e of our most popular articles boards under activities, you... That although it is important for students to use real objects whenever possible, “. Word is or puzzles, but try to go beyond flashcards and illustrations they ’ re going remember.